1000 Most Common Turkish Words

Turkish Words
Turkish Words

We are sharing the top 1000 most common Turkish words with you that will help you to be able to understand %80 of everyday Turkish conversations.

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Here is the list of 1000 most common words. You can use it to check your Turkish vocabulary knowledge and you can also learn the most essential words in the Turkish language.

In addition, you can use the search textarea (bul) to use this list as a dictionary.

 TurkishEnglish
1birone
2veand
3olmakto be
4buthis
5içinfor
6ohe, she, it
7benI
8demekto say
9çokvery
10yapmakto do
11newhat
12gibias, like
13dahamore
14almakto get, to buy
15varthere is
16kendiown, self
17gelmekto come
18ilewith, and
19vermekto give
20amabut
21sonraafter
22kadarquantity, amount; up to
23yerlocation, place
24enmost; width
25insanhuman, person
26değilnot
27hereach, every
28istemekto want, to request
29yılyear, age
30çıkmakto exit, to leave; to happen; to climb
31görmekto see
32günday, sun, date
33bizwe
34gitmekto go
35business, work, job
36şeything
37arabreak, interval; intermediate
38kithat
39bilmekto know
40elhand; manually; foreign person; country
41zamantime, era; tense
42yaor
43çocukchild
44ikitwo
45bakmakto look
46çalışmakto work, to study
47içindein, within
48büyüklarge, big, grand
49yokto not exist, is not
50başlamakto start
51yolroad
52kalmakto stay
53nedenwhy
54sizyou (singular/plural polite)
55konutopic
56yapılmakto be done/made
57iyigood
58kadınwoman
59evhome
60iseif, although
61diyein order to, so that
62bulunmakto have, to occur, to be present
63söylemekto say, to tell
64gözeye
65gerekmekto be necessary
66dünyaworld, earth
67başhead
68durumstatus, situation
69yanside, lateral, as well
70geçmekto pass, to cross
71senyou
72onlarthey
73yeninew
74önceago, before, prior to
75başkaother, another, otherwise
76halstate, status, condition
77ortamedium, middle, moderate
78suwater
79girmekto enter
80ülkecountry, land
81yemekfood
82hiçnone, at all, ever
83bileeven, even if
84nasılhow
85bütünall, whole, the whole
86karşıagainst, counter, versus
87bulmakto find, to discover
88böylesuch, like this
89yaşamakto live, to dwell, to experience
90düşünmekto think, to consider
91aynıthe same, exactly like that
92internal, inside
93ancakbut, however; only, yet
94kişiperson, individual
95bunlarthese, them, they
96veyaor
97ilkfirst, initial, early
98göreby, according to
99önfront, preliminary
100sonlast, latest, final
101birione, someone, any
102şekilshape, form, figure
103önemliimportant, significant
104yüzface; one hundred
105hemboth, as well, and
106göstermekto show, to demonstrate
107etmekto make
108altlower, bottom
109getirmekto bring
110kullanmakto use, to utilize
111çünkübecause
112tarafside, party, hand
113şimdinow
114adamman
115onunhis, her, its
116diğerother, another
117artıkno longer, anymore
118üzerindeon, over, above
119sessound, audio, voice
120hepalways, all, all the time
1211right, correct
122durmakto stand, to stop
123kızgirl, daughter
124tümall, whole, entire
125çekmekto attract, to draw
126konuşmakto talk, to speak
127paramoney
128anlamakto understand, to comprehend
129annemother
130azlittle, small
131bazısome
132babafather
133hayatlife
134sadeceonly
135küçüksmall
136fazlaover, much, excess
137bilgiinformation
138anmoment
139sormakto ask, to inquire
140bununit, that
141öyleso, such
142yineagain
143sağlamakto provide, to ensure
144sonuçresult, outcome
145kullanılmakto use
146dışforeign, external
147adname
148yaniso, namely
149süretime, period
150dönmekto return, to turn around
151açmakto open, to unlock
152oturmakto sit
153anlatmakto tell, to explain, to describe
154bırakmakto leave, to quit, to release
155hemennow, immediately
156saathour, o'clock
157yaşage, year
158sorunproblem, issue, question
159devletstate, government
160sahipowner
161sıraorder, sequence
162yazmakto write
163yüzdepercent
164aymonth
165atmakto throw, to toss
166tutmakto keep, to retain
167bunuit, this
168olayevent, incident
169düşmekto fall
170duymakto hear
171sözpromise, word, talk
172güzelbeautiful
173sevmekto love
174birazsome
175zordifficult, hard
176çıkarmakto remove, to take off
177şuthat
178koymakto put, to set, to lay
179tekone, single, only
180sistemsystem
181birliktetogether
182verilmekadministration
183kimwho
184alınmakto be taken
185gençyoung
186kapıdoor, gate
187kitapbook
188üzerineupon, over
189buradahere
190gecenight
191alanarea, space, field
192birbirieach other, one another
193iştehere
194beklemekto wait, to expect
195uzunlong
196hiçbirnone, any, at all
197bugüntoday
198dönemperiod, term, semester
199arkadaşfriend, companion, mate
200ürünproduct
201ailefamily
202üçthree
203okumakto read
204erkekmale
205herkeseveryone
206güçpower, force, strength
207belkimaybe, perhaps
208gerçekreal, actual, true
209tamfull, complete
210ilgiliabout, related, concerned
211ilişkirelationship
212çevreenvironmental, environment, surroundings
213eskiold, former, ex
214aramakto search, to call, to seek
215yaşamlife
216halkpeople, public
217yakınclose, near
218sokakstreet
219beyMr
220tarihdate, history
221özellikproperty, feature, characteristic
222bölümsection, episode, chapter
223özelspecial, private
224akılmind, mental
225kimseanyone; nobody
226pekso, much, very
227eğerif
228gerekneed
229özellikleespecially, particularly
230anlammeaning, sense
231yüksekhigh, elevated
232bankabank
233keztimes
234ayakfoot, leg
235taşımakto carry, to bear
236geriback, backward, reverse
237toplumsociety, community
238araçvehicle, tool, means
239maddesubstance, material
240türtype, kind
241karardecision
242görülmekto occur
243havaair, weather, climate
244sayınumber, count
245farklıdifferent, unlike
246grupgroup
247odaroom
248biçimformat
249oluşmakto be formed, to consist of
250habernews
251AllahGod
252ayrıcaalso, further, plus
253gelencoming, incoming
254birkaça few, several
255soruquestion
256arkaback, rear
257kazanmakto win, to gain, to earn
258yazıarticle, writing
259okulschool
260açıkopen
261öğrenmekto learn, to study
262sürmekto drive, to lead
263dillanguage
264şirketcompany, corporation
265kaynaksource; resource
266bitmekto end, to finish, to run out
267programprogram, schedule
268devam etmekto continue, to progress
269hareketmotion, movement
270renkcolor
271açılmakto unfold, to open
272hakright, claim
273inanmakto believe
274çalışmawork, study
275açıangle
276parçapart, piece, component
277gazetenewspaper
278oluşturmakto create, to generate
279tabisubject, subject to
280değervalue, worth, price
281tanımakto recognize, to know
282yapıstructure, building, construction
283doktordoctor
284gelirincome, revenue
285görevtask
286amaçpurpose, objective
287bölgeregion, area, district
288filmmovie
289üzereabout to
290müştericustomer, client
291zatenalready
292telefonphone
293eğitimeducation, training
294denizsea
295ikincisecond, secondary
296kalkmakto get up, to rise
297hattaeven
298etkiimpact, effect, influence
299gelişmekto thrive, to develop, to improve
300geçenlast, past, other
301vücutbody
302düşüncethought, thinking, idea
303milyonmillion
304oynamakto play
305değişmekto change, to vary
306temelbasic, basis
307yaratmakto create
308ulaşmakto reach, to achieve, to attain
309sanmakto suppose
310geçirmekto spend
311kültürculture
312kurmakto establish, to build
313fakatbut
314bunait
315resimpicture, image
316ışıklight
317içmekto drink
318hanımlady, Mrs
319hizmetservice
320ihtiyaçneed, requirement
321noktapoint, dot
322yöndirection, way
323evetyes
324oyungame
325artmakto increase, to rise
326yenidenre-, again
327işlemprocess, operation
328kısashort, brief
329kolayeasy, simple
330hangiwhich
331oranrate, ratio, proportion
332aslındaactually, in fact
333kabul etmekaccept, acknowledge
334oradathere
335dikkatnote, attention
336uzakremote, far, away
337bilgisayarcomputer
338gelecekfuture
339görünmekto look, to seem, to appear
340örneğinfor example, for instance
341oğulson, boy
342dinlemekto listen, to hear
343uygunappropriate, suitable
344liralira
345üretimproduction, manufacture
346dakikaminute
347unutmakto forget
348yürümekto walk
349böyleceso, thus
350kötüpoor, bad
351arabacar
352ağızmouth, oral
353duygufeeling, emotion
354uygulamakto apply, to implement
355hâlâstill, yet
356örneksample
357birçoka lot, various
358izlemekto watch
359derecedegree, grade, rating
360mümkünpossible, feasible
361şöyleso, as follows, this way
362duvarwall
363onten
364sanatart, craft
365anamain, master, primary
366hastalıkdisease, illness
367öğrencistudent, pupil
368televizyonTV
369yöntemmethod, process, procedure
370masatable
371ölmekto die, to pass away
372takımteam, set
373üsttop, upper, high
374kafahead, mind
375müzikmusic
376ayrılmakto leave, to break up
377enerjienergy
378üniversiteuniversity
379sporsports
380türlüvarious, kinds
381canlife, soul, heart
382rağmendespite, although
383kısımpart, section, portion
384ölümdeath
385süreklicontinuous, constant, permanent
386sağlıkhealth, sanitary
387çeşitlivarious, miscellaneous
388bundanfrom this, of these
389hissetmekto feel
390oysawhereas, but, however
391sabahmorning
392internetinternet
393tekniktechnical, technique
394dışarıout, outside
395merkezcenter, HQ
396ortamenvironment, atmosphere
397yerineinstead, instead of
398düzeylevel
399köyvillage; rural
400yönetimmanagement, administration, government
401aşağıdown
402cevapanswer
403yatmakto lie
404topraksoil
405isimfirst name
406akşamevening
407araştırmaresearch, study
408götürmekto take
409katılmakto join, to take part, to attend
410yoksaor
411kurulmakto be founded
412ödemekto pay off
413sankias if
414kanblood
415hastapatient
416şehircity
417inmekto go down, to descend
418sunmakto offer
419bilinmekto be known
420haftaweek
421trafiktraffic
422hesapaccount
423otomobilcar
424yabancıforeign
425davranışbehavior
426mutfakkitchen
427kentcity
428bazensometimes
429bellicertain
430ayrıseparate
431fiyatprice
432hakkındaabout
433kaldırmakto remove
434kolarm
435yalnızalone
436hazırlamakto prepare
437camglass
438sonundaat the end
439yavaşslow
440gereklinecessary
441önemimportance
442kocahusband
443wrong
444varlıkpresence
445artincreased
446ilgiinterest
447sanato you
448satışsales
449içeriin
450doğalnatural
451sahip olmakto have, to own
452ekonomikeconomic
453acıpain; spicy
454hayırno
455korumakto protect, to maintain
456katfloor
457ekonomieconomy
458genelgeneral
459belirtmekto specify
460fotoğrafphoto
461hayvananimal
462savaşwar
463malgoods
464saçhair
465kaybetmekto lose
466kalanrest, remainder
467değiştirmekto change
468dörtfour
469gerçektenindeed
470sayfapage
471teknolojitechnology
472kurumsoot
473beşfive
474sektörsector
475genişwide
476kağıtpaper
477kokuodor
478sağright
479sıcakhot
480yüzyılcentury
481caddestreet
482pazarmarket
483sürdürmekto carry on, to continue
484kullanımuse, usage
485sınıfclass
486aşklove is
487doğmakto ensue, to arise
488ağırheavy
489tekraragain
490güneşsun
491sigaracigarette
492ağaçtree
493kelimeword
494binabuilding
495wife
496kaçmakto break out, to run away
497partiparty
498yatakbed
499yazarauthor
500kulakear
501öğretmenteacher
502sebepcause, reason
503solleft
504pekiwell, alright
505yağoil, fat
506yüzdenwhy, so, therefore
507anlaşılmakto be understood
508varmakto arrive, to arrive
509gülmekto laugh
510kuralrule, code, law
511satmakto sell
512şiirpoetry, poem, verse
513göndermekto send
514başarısuccess, achievement, accomplishment
515firmafirm, company
516hükümetgovernment
517kalpheart
518kesmekto cut, to disconnect
519projeproject, design
520şartcondition, requirement
521hızspeed
522köşecorner
523vurmakto hit
524modelmodel, pattern, version
525balıkfish
526piyasamarket
527görüşopinion, view
528hazırlanmakto be prepared; to prepare, to get ready
529miktaramount, quantity
530birincifirst
531meydansquare
532ölçümeasurement, dimension
533seçmekto select, to choose
534uygulanmakto be applied, to be implemented; administration
535bahçegarden
536sevgilove, affection
537ekmekbread
538boyuncaalong, throughout, during
539koşmakto run
540dolufull
541kuruluşestablishment, enterprise, institution
542sayeshadow; through
543korkmakto flinch, to fear, to be afraid of
544yardımhelp
545karşılaşmakto meet, to encounter
546malzemematerial, supply, ingredients
547hoşnice, pleasant
548köpekdog
549ünlüfamous
550büyümekto grow, to grow up
551dolaşmakto roam, to wander
552oldukçaquite, rather, pretty
553üstelikmoreover, furthermore
554yaşanmakto legislate; to live
555beyazwhite
556istekrequest, demand, desire
557ötebeyond, above, further
558denmekto be called
559kardeşbrother
560çekilmekto withdraw, to retreat
561neredewhere
562çalmakto play; to steal
563izinpermit, permission
564korkufear, dread, horror
565meslekprofession, job, career
566polispolice
567yalnızcajust, only
568açıklamakto explain, to describe, to clarify
569fikiridea, opinion, thought
570hızlıfast, quick
571pencerewindow
572uğraşmakto deal, to contend, to grapple
573taşstone
574ateşfire
575farkdifference
576yetmekto suffice, to stretch
577çoğumost, many
578kimisome
579koşulcondition, requirement
580mahalledistrict, neighborhood
581mutlakastrong, necessarily
582tanegrain, seed, kernel
583üretmekto produce
584üstüneover
585dayanmakto rely on; to endure
586incethin, fine, slim
587kaçhow many; few, several
588ortakcommon
589tiptype
590görüntüimage, picture
591berisince, from
592derslesson, class
593başkanpresident, head, chairman
594karşılıkprovision; return, response
595kurtulmakto get rid of, to get away
596numaranumber
597defatimes, time
598edilmekto be
599batıwest, western
600fark etmekto realize, to notice, to recognize
601herhangi birany
602sinemacinema
603değişikdifferent, varied, diverse
604hedeftarget, goal, destination
605uyumakto sleep
606dostfriend
607yanmakto burn
608anlayışunderstanding, comprehension
609asılprincipal, main
610basmakto print, to press
611kenaredge, side, border
612kontrolcontrol, check, inspection
613çevirmekto turn, to flip
614dinreligion
615güçlüstrong, powerful, robust
616henüzyet, still, just
617planplan, scheme
618beyinbrain
619elektrikelectricity; electric, electrical
620karıwife; profit
621üstündeon, above, over
622etmeat
623sağlanmakto provide, to ensure
624söylenmekto grouch, to chide, to snarl
625çizgiline
626end
627üyemember
628ciltskin, complexion
629ruhspirit, soul, psyche
630sevgilidear, lover, beloved
631yaklaşmakto approach, to draw near
632süreçprocess, course
633bakışview
634bilimscience
635ileriforward, advanced
636ifadeexpression, statement
637bedenbody, size
638hatırlamakto remember
639kazaaccident, crash
640iyicethoroughly, well
641dağmountain
642kapatmakto close, to shut off
643adımstep
644ciddiserious, earnest, important, grave
645çözümsolution, remedy
646etkilemekto influence, to impress
647belediyemunicipality
648gelişmedevelopment, growth
649seçimchoice
650ağlamakto cry, to weep, to mourn
651bağlıconnected, dependent
652kavramconcept, notion
653artırmakto increase, to boost, to improve
654faaliyetactivity, business, action
655zarardamage, loss, harm
656derindeep, profound
657salonhall, salon, lounge
658çeşitkind, sort, variety
659kesilmekto be cut, to be interrupted
660seyretmekto watch
661birdensuddenly, at once
662içermekto include, to contain
663sayılmakto be counted, to rank
664toplamakto gather, to collect
665aşmakto exceed, to surpass
666bağırmakto shout, to scream
667sorumlulukresponsibility, liability
668davranmakto act, to behave
669mektupletter
670soğukcold
671canlılive, living, alive
672idiwas, were, had
673makinemachine, engine
674yararlanmakto take advantage of, to use, to benefit
675yaşlıelderly, old
676boşempty, blank, free
677acabaI wonder, I am wondering
678maçmatch, game
679yöneticimanager, executive, administrator
680getirilmekto be; to bring
681metremeter
682tutulmakto be held, to be taken
683kalitequality, grade
684bitkiplant, herb, vegetable
685değişiklikchange, modification, alteration
686ilaçdrug, medication
687kredicredit, loan
688yasalaw
689başarılısuccessful, accomplished
690birerone, an
691imkanfacility; possibility, opportunity
692cezapenalty, punishment; criminal
693her şeyeverything, anything
694incelemekto examine, to study, to investigate
695topball
696uzmanexpert, specialist, professional
697doldurmakto fill, to replenish
698kanalchannel, canal
699mekânspace, place, hangout
700uymakto comply with, to abide
701yıllıkannual, yearly
702dolayısıylabecause of, therefore
703yazılmakto sign up, to enroll
704aitbelonging to; started; very
705parmakfinger, toe
706saymakto count, to reckon, to assume
707atılmakto embark
708belirlemekto determine, to identify
709normalnormal
710heleespecially
711ilkeprinciple, policy
712kırmızıred
713rolrole, part, act
714şarkısong
715elemanelement, component
716hazırready, available
717benzemekto resemble, to look alike
718bir şeysomething
719hocateacher, master, instructor
720boysize, lenth, height
721günlükdaily
722politikapolicy, politics
723suçcrime, offense
724niyewhy
725sahnescene, stage
726sokmakto tuck in, to insert
727adetnumber, total
728koltukseat, chair
729kurtarmakto save, to rescue
730sanatçıartist
731tercih etmekto prefer, to choose
732uzanmakto reach, to reach out
733aşamastage, phase, process
734eklemekto add, to insert, to attach
735ormanforest, woods, jungle
736ayırmakto reserve, to separate
737düzenorder, scheme, layout
738faizinterest
739genellikleusually, normally
740her zamanalways
741hikayestory
742hücrecell
743romannovel
744vergitax
745yakmakto burn
746ağabeybig/elder brother
747basınpress, media
748desteksupport, assistance
749giymekto wear
750hataerror, fault, mistake
751sınırborder, limit, boundary
752birlikunion, unity
753eserwork, piece, creation
754karşılamakto meet, to welcome
755yarıhalf; quasi
756yeterlisufficient, enough
757bireyindividual, person
758karanlıkdark, darkness
759otobüsbus
760sanayiindustry, industrial
761bebekbaby
762vatandaşcitizen; national
763bakanminister; overlooking
764keretimes, time, once
765milletnation
766reklamadvertising
767yükselmekto rise, to escalate
768boyutsize, dimension
769dergimagazine, journal
770enflasyoninflation
771sosyalsocial
772birisione, someone
773geçmişhistory, past
774hastahanehospital
775olmabeing
776toplantımeeting, conference, session
777gazetecijournalist
778içerisiinside, within
779inançfaith, belief
780nitelikquality, attribute, character
781üzeriover, higher
782bitirmekto finish, to end, to complete
783gerçekleşmekto materialize, to happen
784girişinput, entry
785rahatcomfortable, cozy
786toplamtotal, sum
787berabertogether, with
788dükkanshop
789gizlihidden, secret, confidential
790benzersimilar, like
791derileather, skin
792dönüşmekto turn to, to transform
793mücadelefight, struggle, combat
794problemproblem
795servisservice
796tedavitreatment, therapy, cure
797yeşilgreen
798bakanlıkministry, department
799baskıprint
800tepkiresponse, reaction
801cümlesentence, phrase
802dilemekto wish
803özgürlükfreedom, liberty
804geneagain, still
805kimlikidentity
806meseleissue, matter, affair
807üçüncüthird
808belirlenmekto be determined
809değerlendirmekto evaluate
810ilginçinteresting
811sürücüdrive, driver
812sütmilk
813yakalamakto catch, to capture
814eşyagoods, ware, property
815uluslararasıinternational
816adaycandidate, nominee, applicant
817ağırlıkweight, gravity
818milyarbillion
819sıkıntıdistress, nuisance, harship
820TanrıGod
821tavırattitude, behavior
822toplumsalsocial, communal
823yayınpublication, broadcasting
824dikkat etmekto note, to pay attention to, to take care
825son dereceextremely, highly, exceptionally
826toplanmakto gather, to convene
827yatırıminvestment
828hafiflight, mild, slight
829karışmakto mingle, to meddle
830tehlikedanger, hazard, risk
831vakittime; when
832daireapartment
833fırsatopportunity, occasion, chance
834işlemekto process, to handle
835karıştırmakto mix, to stir, to scramble
836katkıcontribution, addition
837öyküstory, tale, narrative
838tamamencompletely, fully, entirely
839uçakaircraft, plane
840yanıtresponse, answer
841doğanature
842evlenmekto marry
843burunnose
844çıkarinterest
845elbetteof course, surely
846işçiworker, employee
847işletmeoperating; operation, management
848kısacabriefly, shortly
849mağazastore, shop
850medyamedia
851yüzündenbecause, due to
852artışincrease, rise
853çıkarılmaksubtracting; to be removed
854kamupublic
855sigortainsurance
856yazsummer
857yürekheart
858belgedocument, certificate
859çabaeffort, endeavor
860her gündaily
861ifade etmekto express, to represent
862riskrisk
863söz etmekto mention, to talk about
864sözcükword
865demokrasidemocracy
866tuzsalt
867camimosque
868çağera, age, times
869düşüklow
870etrafsurroundings, environment
871hızlarapidly, quickly, fast
872olanakpossibility, amenity, facility
873organorgan
874öldürmekto kill, to murder, to slay
875ötekiother
876seneyear
877bozulmakto break down, to deteriorate
878ilgilenmekto care, to take care of
879meyvefruit
880takılmakto hang out, to stick
881tatlısweet
882bacakleg
883değişimchange, variation
884kanunlaw, act, code
885rüzgarwind
886cumhuriyetrepublic
887geliştirmekto develop, to improve
888tarzstyle , manner, way
889yediseven
890azalmakto decrease, to dwindle
891bağlamakto bind, to tie, to connect
892cep telefonucellular phone
893iletişimcommunication
894müdürdirector, manager
895otelhotel
896yayımlanmakto be published; publication
897zevkpleasure, delight
898binmekto ride
899güvenliksecurity
900hukuklaw, legal
901kılmakto make, to render
902modernmodern
903okurreader
904silahweapons
905talepdemand, request, claim
906yıldızstar
907yoğunintense, intensive
908askersoldier
909basitsimple, basic
910denilmekto be called
911gazgas
912uygulamaapplication, practice
913üretilmekto be produced, to be manufactured
914beyanstatement, declaration
915besinfood, nutrition
916dünyesterday
917görüşmekto discuss, to meet
918yaklaşıkabout, approximate
919alışverişshopping
920bilinçconsciousness, awareness; conscious, aware
921çerçeveframe, framework
922lazımneeded, necessary
923mevcutavailable, present, existing
924tüketiciconsumer
925uzatmakto extend, to prolong
926yönelikintended for
927athorse
928bağlanmakto connect
929meselae.g., for example
930neredeysealmost, nearly
931sitesite
932yardımcı olmakto help, to assist
933ablasister
934çiçekflower
935hepsiall, all of them
936saygırespect, esteem, regard
937ücretcharge, wage
938yetenekability, talent
939kilokilo
940paylaşmakto share, to partake
941serthard, tough, rigid
942yanı sıraaddition; as well as
943çaytea
944giderexpense
945kesinfinal, certain, precise
946zenginrich, wealthy
947aslanever, ever
948lafword, talk
949örgütorganization
950ticarettrade, commerce, business
951yaptırmakto make
952boyunneck, jugular
953cihazdevice, appliance
954dengebalance, stability
955giderekincreasingly, gradually
956sırtback (anatomy)
957dolayıbecause, due to
958kahvecoffee
959kasmuscle
960mecliscouncil, parliament
961adresaddress
962belirtilmekto be specified
963paşapasha
964sıcaklıktemperature, heat, warmth
965tamamokay
966güvenconfidence, trust, reliance
967markabrand, trademark
968yaprakleaf, sheet
969yararbenefit, utility
970yayılmakto loll, to spread
971akmakto flow, to drain
972çizmekto draw
973düşünülmekto be considered
974gönülheart, sould
975hayaldream, imagination
976ilerlemekto advance, to move, to proceed
977şarapwine
978yukarıdaabove
979altıngold
980düzenlemekto organize, to arrange
981satın almakto buy, to purchase
982sunulmakto be presented, to be submitted
983temizclean
984vitaminvitamin
985ekadditional, extra
986geçlate
987hareket etmekto move, to act
988yumurtaeggs
989aşırıexcessive, extreme
990eylemaction, act, activity
991istenmekto be desired
992kesimcutting, cut, section
993krizcrisis, attack
994birimunit, piece
995kapanmakto shut, to close

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Ferhat İle Şirin (Part 1)

Read

Ferhat Pers İmparatorluğu döneminde yaşayan(*1*) ünlü bir ressamdır.

Ferhat Sultan’ın kız kardeşi Şirin’in köşkü için süslemeler yaparken Ferhat Şirin’i görür ve birbirlerine sevdalanırlar(*2*).

Ferhat Sultan’a haber göndererek Şirin’i ister.(*3*)

Sultan kız kardeşini vermek istemez.

Ferhat’ı oyalamak için, Elma Dağını kazıp şehre su getirmesini ister.

İkinci bölümü yarın okuyalım. J

Translation

Ferhat is a famous painter during the Persian Empire.

When Ferhat is making decorations for the mansion of Sultan‘s sister Ferhat sees Şirin and they fall in love with each other.

Ferhat wants Şirin by sending news to Sultan.

Sultan does not want to give his sister.

Because he keeps Ferhat busy, he wants Ferhat to dig Elma Mountain and bring water to the city.

Let’s read the second part tomorrow. J

Grammar

Possessives: In Turkish, possessives are provided with –u,-I + personal suffixes. Let’s illustrate.

Benim dolabım > My cabinet (Dolap + I + m)

Senin kitabın > Your book

Sultan’ın kız kardeşi > Sultan’s sister (we used apostrophe, because Sultan is a special noun, her-his-its > onun) (Kardeş + i)

Bizim bilgisayarlarımız > Our computers (Bilgisayarlar + I + mız)

Sizin pantolonlarınız > Your (plural) pants (Pantolonlar + I +nız)

Onların ayakkabıları > Their shoes (Ayakkabılar + I)

Additional Note: You don’t need to use benim,senin,onun sometimes because the suffix being added to the nouns can provide the ownership as well. Dolabım, kitabın, bilgisayarlarımız, pantolonlarınız, ayakkabıları.

Addition 

Cultural Note: Ferhat and Şirin is one of the best folk epics in Turkish Literature. The epic tells the immortal love story of Ferhat and Şirin.

1*Yaşamak means to live. (In the passage, there is a noun clause yaşayan > who lives)

2*Sevdalanmak or aşık olmak, they are synonyms but “sevdalanmak” is more literary.

3*Kız istemek, In the Turkish culture, a man “wants a girl to marry her”, this request is sent to the most authoritative person in her family. Usually the father or the big brother, this person has to allow them to marry. Generally, the man goes to her house with his family.

How To Learn Turkish Online For Free

About The Turkish Language

Turkish (Türkçe) is one of the most common languages in the world. Currently, the Turkish language is an official and de facto language in numerous countries. Turkish is a branch of the Altaic language family. It has similarities with several languages such as Japanese and Korean. The Turkish language of Turkey is the native language of 90% of people of the Republic of Turkey and it is written in Latin script after the alphabet reform in Turkey in 1928.

During the establishment of the Republic of Turkey, the language borrowed words from the European languages especially French.

For Example; Klavye(TR), Clavier(FR), Keyboard(EN); Lise(TR), Lycée(FR), High School(EN); Ekran(TR), Écran(FR), Screen(EN); Asansör(TR), Ascenseur(FR), Elevator/Lift(EN)

Turkish Language
Visual Credit: Wikipedia

How Can I Start?

First, you need to motivate yourself and set goals. The most important thing is to be willing to start and have patience as well. You should improve your vocabulary knowledge, writing, and speaking skills. Besides these, grammar may be the major component when you learn a language.

However, if you start from scratch, we recommend that you should start by learning and memorizing words. You can visit our project to learn Turkish words.

Learn Turkish

What Are The Difficulties?

Turkish grammar structure and grammar rules are different from most languages. Turkish mostly uses suffixes. The sentence order is also different than most spoken languages.

Ben gittim. (I went) > Object + Verb

Ben okula gittim. (I went to the school) > Object + Subject + Verb

Ben dün okula gittim. (I went to the school yestersay) > Object + Time + Subject + Verb

Ben dün İstanbul’da bir okula gittim. (I went to a school yesterday in Istanbul) > Object + Time + Place + Subject + Verb

Is It Possible To Learn Turkish Online?

There are very many resources online that you can access. To memorize and learn vocabulary is the easiest way to start and you can find many words on several websites and with some applications. The difficult thing will be speaking Turkish online. Nevertheless, I am sure you can discover Facebook Groups and other social media networks to find native speakers.

Turkish Inbox is a project to teach Turkish as well. Turkish Inbox aims to teach vocabulary and grammar rules with the culture and the literature of Turkey. It is free and will provide you with a strong knowledge of the Turkish language.

Levels of The Turkish Language

As all languages have, Turkish has an evaluation for Turkish learners and speakers.

A1 Beginner: This person can introduce himself/herself and has a command on basic daily language.

A2 Pre-Intermediate: He or she can talk about their past life and they have knowledge about some expressions and sentences.

B1 Intermediate: Most of the time, they can explain most situations. This level is the beginning of being an independent speaker. They can write simple essays, and comprehend little complicated sentences.

B2 Upper-Intermediate: They are independent users, they can understand most of the sentences and they can read rapidly, have a high vocabulary knowledge.

C1 Advanced: These people can start reading scientific articles. They speak fluently and can write whatever they would like.

C2 Proficient: They can argue about politics, academics, and business. They have extremely high vocabulary capacity.

Easy Techniques to Learn Turkish

There are many methods online, but you should implement these methods for your language level. 

Learn by Reading: Reading improves your grammar and vocabulary knowledge. You can start understanding the structure of the sentence of the Turkish language gradually.

Learn by Memorizing Vocabulary: Memorizing may not be good all the time, because you should comprehend the meanings of words. However, if you are a beginner you can start memorizing to learn some Turkish words.

Learn By Watching Videos: This can help you to develop your listening skills. Moreover, you can learn some idioms, essential expressions, phrasal verbs, etc.

Learn Turkish via Turkish Inbox

Turkish Inbox offers a free service for Turkish learners. We thought that there were not enough resources to teach the Turkish language online. In addition, we decided that we could create a new teaching method. Turkish Inbox sends short, interpreted Turkish passages to the subscribers every day. This system is completely free.

When you subscribe, you will receive novels, poems, tales, and stories from Turkish Literature with explanations. With the help of Turkish Inbox, you will learn Turkish with idioms, leading expressions, and cultural, literary notes for people of all levels.

Updates (24.04.2020)

Siz İstediniz, Biz Yaptık.You Asked It, We Did It!Since we began the project, we have received some feedback from you.

According to this feedback, we have recognized some ways we can improve our passages.

From now on, every email will have 4 headlines:Read: You can read the passage.

Translation: There will be a full translation of the passage.

Grammar: We will add a few important grammar notes to the email. 

Addition: You will be able to see any additional notes such as cultural, literary. We will highlight idioms and slangs in this category.

We will use a color code to show which English explanations of words and sentences correspond with the Turkish words and sentences.

 This new format will start next week, so you will still receive a few more emails in the original format.